WHAT IS A KIDNEY URINARY / STONE
A Kidney / urinary stone is a particle crystal in the urinary tract formed by substances in urine. Urinary stone vary in size from a grain of sand to the size of a tennis ball. Regardless of the size, they are one of the most painful problems known. Kidney / Urinary stones can cause permanent damages to the kidneys if not treated approximately.
SYMPTOMS OF KIDNEY URINARY / STONE
Urinary stones are very common dangerous. If Urinary stones are not treated properly, permanent kidney damage can result.A typical stone attack is a sudden pain occurring at night or in the early in the morning. The pain starts in the loin and radiates around the abdomen down into the groin.Nausea and vomiting are common. Often you cannot sit or lie still.Kidney / urinary stone are often confused with other disease such as acute appendicitis, gastroenteritis, colitis and other.
WHAT TO EXPECT IF A STONE IS SUSPECTED
Urinary stone cause blood in the urine, the first usually performed is a urinalysis and the a simple x-ray and ultrasound scan of the abdomen is taken to find the stone.An intravenous pyelogram(IVP) is often needed. In the procedure, a small amount of dye is injected through a vein, and x-rays are taken to find out exactly where the stone is how big it is.In rare cases, a computed tomography (CAT) scan is necessary.If urinary stones begin to reoccur, a metabolic stone evaluation of urine and blood samples should be done to see if an underlying cause can be found.Extra corporeal Sound Wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is most significant and state of art in history of urinary stone treatment now available in heart of garden city.Lithotripsy (ESWL) is technique for treating stones (calculus) in urinary system that does not require surgery, anesthesia blood transfusion and it is painless.
WHAT IS EWSL
Extra Corporeal Sound Wave Lithotripsy is a sound wave which are high energy pressure wave. It used to break stones into small pieces, as grain of sand.The sound waves which are generated outside the body beaks the urinary stones within the body. Because of their small size the stone fragments passes out from the body along with the urine.
WHAT DOES THE TREATMENT INVOLVE
The patient is placed on top of a treatment table, a water filled bellow will touch the body and which produce sound waves, by using the x-ray fluoroscopy the stone will be targeted. Approximately one sound wave will be generated per second, depending on the size of stone about a couple of treatment sessions are needed fragment the calculus (stone). The entire procedure takes about 45 to 60 minutes.
WHAT ARE THE COMPLICATIONS / SIDE EFFECTS
Extra Corporeal sound wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is a treatment without any complications and side effects, no damage to the urinary system has been reported from last two decades. However some patients may have pain, fever and nausea (vomiting) as the stones fragments pass out through urine. These symptoms usually do not last long they can be relieved with some mild pain killer medicines. A few patients may pass little blood in the urine for which does not require any special treatment it will stop on its own within 24hrs time. Urinary tract infection (UTI) from bacteria may rarely occur.
WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF ESWL
Surgery is not required.
Anesthesia is not required.
No complications/side effects.
No hospitalization required.
Recovery time is much reduced to the patient and can get back to his/Her routine work after treatment.
CAN ALL URINARY STONE PATIENTS CAN BE TREATED WITH ESWL
No, the size, the number, the location, composition of the stone and the anatomical abnormalities of urinary system are the factors that must be taken into account. through ultra Sonography, X-Ray, IVU, Renal isotope scans, lab tests and clinical examination can decide whether ESWL treatment is the best way of the treatment. In other cases like bigger stones (staghorn), continued with other modalities of the treatment. The ESWL is not advisible for the patients like uncontrollable urinary infection, the kidney with the stone has little or no function, a life threatening cardiac condition, cardiac pacemaker and the pregnant women. After the ESWL treatment some patients may still have stone fragments that are too large to be passed out from the tract, these stones can treated from multiple sessions of ESWL and fragmented adequately.
DOES THE PATIENTS NEED TO BE HOSPITALIZED
No, generally the treatment is carried out on an out patients basis. The patients who have under go surgery to remove urinary stone require 2 to 3 weeks of hospital stay followed by 2 to 3 weeks of recuperation at home.
WHAT ELSE SHOULD PATIENTS KNOW
Although a fair amount is known about urinary stone, still do not know why the stones are formed. Doctor will help you in understanding the cause of the stone formation and how to prevent stone formation in future. (the medical term for the stones are calculus, calculi and urolithiasis).
HOW MUCH THE TREATMENT COSTS
Depending upon the size and the number of the stones, doctor will be able to decide about the charges.
HOW DO I PROCEED
Consult our doctor about ESWL at HITECH KIDNEY STONE HOSPITAL ask about the preliminary test that determine whether you got a stone or not.
WHERE DO I GET THIS KIND OF TREATMENT
You can have the treatment at Hitech kidney stone hospital, Bangalore which has lithotripsy machine with X-Ray localization made by med spec known as Econolith used world wide, excellent treatment results (99%) and which has FDA approved from USA.